Honey is a liquid produced by bees.
Allah Ta’ala said :
وَأَوْحَى رَبُّكَ إِلَى النَّحْلِ أَنِ اتَّخِذِي مِنَ الْجِبَالِ بُيُوتًا وَمِنَ الشَّجَرِ وَمِمَّا يَعْرِشُونَ
ثُمَّ كُلِي مِن كُلِّ الثَّمَرَاتِ فَاسْلُكِي سُبُلَ رَبِّكِ ذُلُلاً يَخْرُجُ مِن بُطُونِهَا شَرَابٌ مُّخْتَلِفٌ أَلْوَانُهُ فِيهِ شِفَاء لِلنَّاسِ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لآيَةً لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ
“And your Lord inspired the bee, saying: "Take you habitations in the mountains and in the trees and in what they erect. Then, eat of all fruits, and follow the ways of your Lord made easy (for you)." There comes forth from their bellies, a drink of varying colour wherein is healing for men. Verily, in this is indeed a sign for people who think”. [Holy Qur’an : An Nahl:68-69].
Honey in the hive of bee.
Honey components such as :
- Fructose: 38.2%
- Glucose: 31.3%
- Sucrose: 1.3%
- Maltose: 7.1%
- Water: 17.2%
- Higher sugars: 1.5%
- Ash: 0.2%
- Other/undetermined: 3.2%
Honey contains glucose (dextrose) and fructose (levulosa) in high amounts. Concentration of dextrose and high levulosa easily absorbed by the intestine with the other organic substances, so it can act as a stimulant for digestion and improve appetite. In addition, honey also has antimkiroba properties. Based on the results of the researchers, honey has antibacterial activity, especially in baktero Gram (+), namely bacteria S. Aureus, B. Cereus.
Honey has a chemical component which has the effect of acetylcholine koligemik ie. Acetylcholine serves to blood circulation and reduce blood pressure. Sugars contained in honey will be absorbed directly by the blood to produce energy rapidly when compared with regular sugar.
Honey also contain other components such as pollen and various digestive enzymes, various vitamins, such as vitamins A, B1, B2, minerals such as calcium, sodium, potassium, magnesium, iron, iodine salt as well and even radium. Besides honey also contain antibiotics and other organic acids such as malic acid, tartaric, citric, laklat, and oxalate. So honey is very high that once his usefulness.
Giving honey to children can increase the hemoglobin concentration. In comparison, children who were not given honey content of hemoglobin was only up to 4 percent during the 40 days. While those who consume honey in addition to normal eating, the content of hemoglobin increased by 23 percent at the same time.
Honey is very good for babies, when mixed with milk. It is because honey contains enough iron while the mother's milk or cow's milk contains only a little. Honey with sugar content and high levulosa very easily absorbed by the intestine along with other organic substances, thus can act as a stimulant for digestion and improve appetite.
The role of honey for the growth of young children is very important because there is folic acid in honey, which is an acid that many effects terhadap growing creature, because it can improve blood composition, the number erytrosit increases, so does the content of hemoglobin.
Various types of enzymes found in honey, such as diastase, invertase, catalase, peroxidase and lipase. Honey is a natural foods the highest levels of the enzyme. Catalase enzymes act to solve peroxide, a ration of metabolic waste (free radicals) that accelerates the aging process.
COMPARISON WITH SUGAR
Unlike regular sugar contained in candy, or sugar that can damage teeth (carries) caused by the growth of bacteria, called lactic acid bacteria, honey containing antibiotics. Although it has a low pH, but due to the high mineral content has a potential is alkaline, and therefore can serve as a disinfection of the oral cavity.
From the results of various research stating that the power of antibacterial honey had nothing to do with high sugar content and low water content, but by the existence of a similar compound that lysozyme has antibacterial power. This compound is more popular with the name 'inhibine'. Gram-negative bacteria are more sensitive to 'inhibine' than gram-positive.
Royal jelly is a honey bee secretion that is used in the nutrition of larvae, as well as adult queens. It is secreted from the glands in the hypopharynx of worker bees, and fed to all larvae in the colony.
Royal jelly in the hive of bee.
Royal jelly bottled.
Royal jelly is collected and sold as a dietary supplement, claiming various health benefits because of components like B-complex vitamins such as pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine). The overall composition of royal jelly is 67% water, 12.5% crude protein (including small amounts of many different amino acids), and 11% simple sugars (monosaccharides), also including a relatively high amount (5%) of fatty acids. It also contains many trace minerals, some enzymes, antibacterial and antibiotic components, and trace amounts of vitamin C. The fat-soluble vitamins, A, D, E and K, are completely absent from royal jelly.
Royal jelly has been reported as a possible immunomodulatory agent in Graves' disease. It has also been reported to stimulate the growth of glial cells and neural stem cells in the brain. To date, there is preliminary evidence that it may have some cholesterol-lowering, anti-inflammatory, wound-healing, and antibiotic effects, though the last three of these effects are unlikely to be realized if ingested (due to the destruction of the substances involved through digestion, or neutralization via changes in pH).
Research also suggests that the 10-Hydroxy-2-decenoic acid (10-HDA) found in royal jelly may inhibit the vascularization of tumors. Royal Jelly is said to improve fertility in both men and women, in men by increasing the quality of their sperm, and in women by increasing the quality of their eggs.
There are also some preliminary experiments (on cells and lab animals) in which royal jelly may have some benefit regarding certain other diseases, though there is no solid evidence for those claims, and further experimentation and validation would be needed to prove any useful benefit.
Royal jelly can also be found in some beauty products.
Royal jelly may cause allergic reactions in humans ranging from hives, asthma, to even fatal anaphylaxis. The incidence of allergic side effect in people that consume royal jelly is unknown. However, it has been suggested that the risk of having an allergy to royal jelly is higher in people who already have known allergies.
Bee bread or bee pollen-sam is the main source of food for most honey bees and their larvae, consisting of honey and pollens which are gathered by the worker bees.
Like honey and propolis, other well-known honey bee products, the exact chemical composition of pollen gathered depends on which plants the worker bees are gathering the pollen from, and can vary from hour to hour, day to day, week to week, colony to colony, even in the same apiary, and no two samples of bee bread will be exactly identical. Accordingly, chemical and nutritional analyses of bee bread apply only to the specific samples being tested, and cannot be extrapolated to samples gathered in other places or other times.
A recent study of samples of bee bread showed they may contain 188 kinds of fungi and 29 kinds of bacteria. Bee bread is sometimes referred to as ambrosia.
Bee bread is used in naturopathic medicine traditions and as a nutritional supplement, although exposure may trigger allergic or anaphylactic reactions in sensitive people.
Propolis is bee saliva. Bees sealed the beehive with propolis to protect the colony from the elements, such as rain and cold winter drafts. However, 20th century research has revealed that bees not only survive, but also thrive, with increased ventilation during the winter months throughout most temperate regions of the world.
Propolis is marketed by health food stores as a traditional medicine, and for its claimed beneficial effect on human health.
Propolis in the bee hive.
Natural medicine practitioners use propolis for the relief of various conditions, including inflammations, viral diseases, ulcers, superficial burns or scalds..
Propolis is also believed to promote heart health, strengthen the immune system and reduce the chances of cataracts. Old beekeepers recommend a piece of propolis kept in the mouth as a remedy for a sore throat. Propolis lozenges and tinctures can be bought in many countries. Though claims have been made for its use in treating allergies, propolis may cause severe allergic reactions if the user is sensitive to bees or bee products.
Depending upon its composition, propolis may show powerful local antibiotic and antifungal properties.
Studies also indicate that it may be effective in treating skin burns
Propolis also exhibits immunomodulatory effects.
Propolis is a subject of recent dentistry research, since there is some evidence that propolis may actively protect against caries and other forms of oral disease, due to its antimicrobial properties. Propolis can also be used to treat canker sores. Its use in canal debridement for endodontic procedures has been explored in Brazil.
Propolis' use in inhibiting tumorigenesis has been studied in mice in Japan.