Monday, 16 August 2010

Cancer, Killer Disease

Cancer is very dangerous disease and as cause of death, therefore beware from cancer. Data from WHO show an increase of cancer deaths from year to year, and estimated 12 million deaths in 2030.


Key Facts

  • Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide: it accounted for 7.4 million deaths (around 13% of all deaths) in 2004.
  • Lung, stomach, liver, colon and breast cancer cause the most cancer deaths each year.
  • The most frequent types of cancer differ between men and women.
  • More than 30% of cancer deaths can be prevented.1
  • Tobacco use is the single most important risk factor for cancer.
  • Cancer arises from a change in one single cell. The change may be started by external agents and inherited genetic factors.
  • Deaths from cancer worldwide are projected to continue rising, with an estimated 12 million deaths in 2030.

Cancer is a generic term for a large group of diseases that can affect any part of the body. Other terms used are malignant tumours and neoplasms. One defining feature of cancer is the rapid creation of abnormal cells that grow beyond their usual boundaries, and which can then invade adjoining parts of the body and spread to other organs. This process is referred to as metastasis. Metastases are the major cause of death from cancer.

World Health Organization .

Sunday, 15 August 2010

Cancer Symptoms

Cancer is a disease that can cause almost any signs or symptoms. The signs and symptoms will depend on where the cancer, how big it was, and how much influence the organ or tissue nearby. If the cancer has spread (metastasized), symptoms can appear in various parts of the body.

Virus cancer. 

Cancer can also cause symptoms such as fever, extreme tiredness (fatigue), or lose weight. This may be because cancer cells spending a lot of the body's energy supply, or they can release substances that change the way the body makes energy from food. Or cancer can cause the immune system to react in ways that produce these symptoms.

Saturday, 14 August 2010

10 Trigger of Diabetes

Below are 10 Triggers of Diabetes :

1. Smoking.
A study in the United States involving approximately 4.500 volunteer men and women found that active smokers the risk of diabetes increased by 22 percent. It added that not only increase the risk caused by smoking, but the combination of different lifestyle or an unhealthy lifestyle, like diet and exercise. 
Cigarette substitute : sugar-free candies.

 No Smoking.

2.Soft Drink.
From research on approximately 51,000 women aged 20-45 years, found that increased consumption of soft drinks make weight and the risk of diabetes soared. The researchers said the increase in risk occurs because the contents were a sweetener in soft drinks. Furthermore, liquid calories do not make us full, so the incentive to drink more.
Soft drink substitute : white water,  soft drink zero sugar.

 Soft drink.

Friday, 13 August 2010

Pre Diabetes

Someone said to suffer from prediabetes if the blood sugar levels have exceeded the normal limits but has not reached the limit of diagnosis of diabetes. Prediabetes condition should not be taken lightly because some individuals with prediabetes will develop into diabetes if not treated properly. Individuals with prediabetes are not handled in about 510 days will be increased to diabetes, and if you have diabetes, can not be cured and more difficult to handle.

Pre-Diabetes Conditions:
- Fasting plasma glucose levels from 100 to 126 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L).
- Plasma glucose at or above 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L), but not over 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L), two hours after a 75 g oral glucose load.

Fasting plasma glucose levels.

Plasma glucose levels after a 75 g oral glucose load.

Wednesday, 11 August 2010

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes was derived from the Greek verb. And the word mellitus, added from the Latin meaning "honey", a reference to the sweet taste of the urine. We have confirm for the sweet taste was because of an excess of a kind of sugar in the urine and blood of people with diabetes. Diabetes mellitus, (simply as diabetes) is a condition in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced.

Universal blue circle symbol for diabetes.

Diabetes Mellitus Effect.

Type of Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus classified to three categories : type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Other type of diabetes called as Pre-Diabetes. 

Tuesday, 10 August 2010

CT Scan 64-Slice

CT Scan 64-Slice is new technology of CT Scan. Computed Tomography (CT) scan refers to the newest generation in CT scan technology. The 64 "slices"  refer to the number of detectors that are present on a CT scanner.  While original computed tomography scanners used only one detector to pick up information, Multi-Detector Computed Tomography (MDCT) uses multiple detectors to create images of the body. This technology increases both "spatial" and "temporal" resolution, which means that we can create more detailed images in a shorter amount of time.

CT Scan 64-Slice Machine

Abnormalities in the body is able detected such as the impact of stroke, head injury, broken bones, tumors, abscess or other abnormalities. CT Scan 64 can check the blood vessels (especially coronary heart disease), colon, brain and bone in detail, with a 3D view. On examination of the colon can be displayed in the intestinal tract and walls as well as detailed examination of endoscopy. This technology can also conduct examinations and brain perfusion body perfusion. This is very suitable for screening and early detection of coronary artery gastrointestinal malignancies.

Monday, 9 August 2010


Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in the density of bone, decreasing its strength and resulting in fragile bones. Osteoporosis literally leads to abnormally porous bone that is compressible, like a sponge. This disorder of the skeleton weakens the bone and results in frequent fractures (breaks) in the bones.

Backbone Illustration

Normal bone is composed of protein, collagen, and calcium all of which give bone its strength. Bones that are affected by osteoporosis can break (fracture) with relatively minor injury that normally would not cause a bone to fracture. The fracture can be either in the form of cracking (as in a hip fracture) or collapsing (as in a compression fracture of the vertebrae of the spine). The spine, hips, ribs, and wrists are common areas of bone fractures from osteoporosis although osteoporosis-related fractures can occur in almost any skeletal bone.

 Osteoporosis Illustration

Sunday, 8 August 2010

Laparoscopy Surgery

Laparoscopic surgery are all actions that do not require surgical incision width in conducting his explorations, but need the tools cameras, monitors and special instruments to do the surgery through the monitor screen without seeing and touching the patient's limbs. Laparoscopic surgery is a new method is more convenient for patients that minimally invasive surgery. Since it was first introduced this surgical technique demonstrated its superiority compared to conventional surgery today.

Laparoscopy Surgery

Dengue Fever in Indonesia

Every year we are always surprised by the emergence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), with a considerable number of cases. This resulted in a number of hospitals become overwhelmed in accepting the DHF patients. To overcome the hospitals to add beds in the halls of the hospital and recruit medical personnel and paramedics. The recurrence of dengue cases this causes a reaction from various circles. Some consider this to happen because of lack of public awareness of environmental cleanliness and partly because the government considers slow in anticipating and responding to this case.

In January to March 2004 total dengue cases in all provinces in Indonesia have reached 26.015, with as many as 389 people the number of deaths (CFR = 1.53%). Have the highest cases in Jakarta (11.534 persons) while the highest CFR is available at NTT (3.96%)
Dengue Fever or Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a disease caused by dengue virus is transmitted through the bite of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Both mosquito species have almost all corners of Indonesia, except in places a height of more than 1000 meters above sea level.

Aedes Aegypti Mosquito

Aedes Albopictus Mosquito

Saturday, 7 August 2010


Leukemia is a cancer of the blood or bone marrow characterized by an abnormal increase of blood cells, usually leukocytes (white blood cells). Leukemia is a broad term covering a spectrum of diseases. In turn, it is part of the even broader group of diseases called hematological neoplasms.
In 2000, approximately 256,000 children and adults around the world developed some form of leukemia, and 209,000 died from it. About 90% of all leukemias are diagnosed in adults.

A Wright's stained bone marrow aspirate smear of patient with precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.


Leukemia is clinically and pathologically subdivided into a variety of large groups. The first division is between its acute and chronic forms:
  • Acute leukemia is characterized by the rapid increase of immature blood cells. This crowding makes the bone marrow unable to produce healthy blood cells. Immediate treatment is required in acute leukemia due to the rapid progression and accumulation of the malignant cells, which then spill over into the bloodstream and spread to other organs of the body. Acute forms of leukemia are the most common forms of leukemia in children.
  • Chronic leukemia is distinguished by the excessive build up of relatively mature, but still abnormal, white blood cells. Typically taking months or years to progress, the cells are produced at a much higher rate than normal cells, resulting in many abnormal white blood cells in the blood. Whereas acute leukemia must be treated immediately, chronic forms are sometimes monitored for some time before treatment to ensure maximum effectiveness of therapy. Chronic leukemia mostly occurs in older people, but can theoretically occur in any age group.