- Fasting plasma glucose levels from 100 to 126 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L).
- Plasma glucose at or above 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L), but not over 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L), two hours after a 75 g oral glucose load.
Fasting plasma glucose levels.
Plasma glucose levels after a 75 g oral glucose load.
Data from WHO mentioned in Indonesian patients with diabetes will rise from 8.4 million in the year 2000 and to about 21.3 million people in 2030. It is estimated that people with prediabetes will also increase rapidly.
People can say diabetes or prediabetes is a person over the age of 45 years, has excessive body weight, ie BMI above 25 kg/m2. Also children who have a parent with diabetes mellitus (DM) will be at risk for diabetes.
Those with less activity also has an important role in the emergence of this disease. Also risk factors occur in ethnic groups with a population prevalence of diabetes is high (eg, Pacific Islanders, descendants of the Asian-American), IFG or IGT detected.
High-risk pregnant women also occurred with weigh of baby more than 4 kg, hypertension (above 140/90 mmHg), HDL cholesterol below 35 mg / dl (0.90 mmol / l) and / or trigliseride levels above 250 mg / dl (2.82 mmol / l) and no history of heart disease and blood vessels.
Pre Diabetes Preventing
Stage of diabetes does not occur suddenly but through several stages. Starting from lifestyle risk factors, especially obesity and lack of movement. If not controlled going into the prediabetes stage.
With cautious and controlling prediabetes, hence increasing the possibility of new people with diabetes can be reduced, thus also reducing the subsequent stages of cardiovascular disease complications
The risk of complications of cardiovascular disease (heart and blood vessels) has been started since prediabetes. Therefore individuals with prediabetes requires adequate treatment, including changes in a more healthy lifestyle in order to improve glycemic profile (blood sugar) and reduce cardiovascular risk.
Diabetes that can not be cured, but the individual with prediabetes can return to normal. Therefore, demanded a high awareness for the individual to change to more healthy lifestyles.
In individuals with prediabetes and high risk, pharmacological therapy (medication) can be considered in addition to lifestyle changes. Therefore, individuals with prediabetes yag have excess body weight (obesity), needs to lose weight 5 10 percent of initial body weight and maintained in the long term.
In addition, moderate and regular physical activity are also recommended for 30-60 minutes per day, at least four days a week or a minimum of 150 minutes / week. So prediabetes diabetes if left will cause diabetes.
There are four types of diabetes, namely type one, type two, type of gestational and other types.
Type one, the primary damage occurs in the pancreas, while type two diabetes associated with genetic and external environmental factors such as food. While gestational type only experienced by women who are pregnant. Can also because it is caused by brain tumors and certain drugs.
Diabetses usually signed with a lot of peeing, a lot of drinking, lots of fast food and tired. If these signs appear, we have late since six years ago. This should be prevented by recognizing and realizing the risk factors early. All can be overcome by regulating diet and physical activity. These two things are very easy to be submitted but very difficult to done.
For diet, consider the glycemic load. Do not let us interfere with our bodies with a high glycemic load. Besides physical activity should also be considered, such as walking on the our street at least 10 thousand steps per day. If hard to do, do it treadmill least three to four times a week. Tredmill not done any, but should be counted the pulse of heart.
Also doing well as monitoring of abdominal circumference, weight, blood pressure, and laboratory tests (blood glucose and urine albumine).